Peacocks are some of the most widely recognized birds in the world, due to their beautiful blue-green plumage and spotted tail feathers, which fold open into an elaborate fan. These birds are about more than their feathers, though, and not many people know much about the birds and how they live or interact.
There are two species of peafowl, both of them native to South Asia. The blue peacock (Pavo cristatus) comes originally from India and the island of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) – they’re so important there that they have become the national bird of India. Wild peafowl are mainly found across the Indian subcontinent. However, the probability of finding groups of wild peacocks is not restricted to that geographical area, but rather throughout the habitat in which the species can thrive.
The green peacock (Pavo muticus), on the other hand, inhabits more Eastern areas. They are found in the wild in India, but also in Myanmar, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia and Java. Their habitat is more tropical than that of the blue peacock; it has been widely destroyed and reduced, which is why the green peafowl is an endangered species.
Peafowl eat berries, seeds, tender buds, insects and even small reptiles – generally snakes. Taking into account their omnivorous diet, they’re a versatile and adaptable species.
Male: Length: 180-250 cm including the train of 140-160 cm. The tail is about 40-48 cm
Female: Length: 100-110 cm with the tail of 40 à 45 cm
Weight: 3850-5000 g
Peafowl need to live in forests at an altitude of no more than 2000 meters (6500 feet) above sea level. They prefer deciduous forests and open forest areas and can adapt to various habitats, ranging from rainforests to dry forests. There are even peacocks which have adapted to living near farming areas, and tolerate human presence well.
Peafowl cannot live in cold climates, and their health can be seriously compromised if temperatures go below 0º C (32º F). You need to take into account that peafowl nest at ground level.
Food and Feeding
The peafowl will eat virtually any plant or animal matter Wild figs, berries and nuts are favorite foods in season.
Peafowl use tree branches as resting places, which offer protection from some of their natural predators. Peacocks also need to have some water nearby, where they mainly go to drink during the mornings. They’ll drink from a stream during their midday rest and feed again in late afternoon. They drink again at sunset, just before going to roost..
Peafowl living in the wild can be extremely temperamental and tend to stick with their own, as they don’t get along with many other bird species and can become combative when provoked.
Wild peafowl prefer to live in forests with easy access to rivers and streams, which makes it easier to find water and stay cool during warm weather. Peafowl can also be found living near fruit crops, as they feed on fruit, berries, seeds, figs, and flowers. Peafowl prefer tropical climates, and their ideal habitat tends to be humid rainforests with all-season water sources.
When a peacock ruffles his feathers, peahens are drawn into a vibrating sound that occurs during the process. This sound is inaudible to humans and other animals, but when a peahen hears the vibration, she decides on whether or not to choose the peacock as her partner. When mating season is over, peahens become completely independent in order to prepare for the arrival of their babies. Peacocks become completely independent as well, and they stop interacting with the peahens. Peacocks do not take any responsibility when it comes to raising their young, this is completely up to the mother.
Source: .joyofanimals.com; animalwised.com